Friday, September 12, 2008

Azima tetracantha / Yasanku / Needle Bush

Botanical Name : Azima tetracantha
Family : Salvadoraceae
English : Needle bush
Malayalam : Yasanku
A small
Spiny scrambling shrub grows up to 2 meters in height. Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic, acute, sessile and shiny, leaves are surrounded by 4 sharp thorns.
Medicinal uses are for , bronchitis, cough, asthma, diabetes. A magical cough medicine can be prepared from this plant, grind and boil a bunch plant with rice powder.
Useful part : Whole plant.

Hemigraphis colorata Blume / Murikootti

Botanical Name : Hemigraphis colorata Blume
Family : Acanthaceae
Commonly available decorative plant.
This is a prostrate herb with rooting branches. leaves 6 to 10 cm long and sparkling silvery violet underneath red purple.
An unbelievable wound healer
It cures fresh wound, cuts, ulcers, inflammation, it is used internally for anemia.
see this study report

Piper longum / Thippali / Long pepper

Botanical Name : Piper longum
Family : Piperaceae
English : Piper longum
Malayalam : Thippli
Piper Longum is a slender, aromatic, climber having perennial woody roots, creeping and jointed stems and fleshy fruits embedded in the spikes.

Piper Longum is most commonly used to treat respiratory infections such as bronchitis, asthma and diseases of the spleen, cough, arthritis, dyspepsia, fever etc

Useful part : Dried spikes, Root.

Ensete superba / Kalluvazha

Botanical Name : Ensete superba
Family : Musaceae
English :Wild plantain, Indian bead
Malayalam : Kalluvazha, Malavazha
Solitary, non suckering. Whole plant dies down after fruit are ripe and new populations originate from seeds. Large "banana" leaves grow up to 8 ft to 12 ft long.
Used for the treatment of kidney and vesical calculi, urinary retentions, burns and scalds, Mensural disorders
Useful parts : seed, fruit, leaf juice

Scoparia dulcis / Kallurukki / Kidney Stone Diluter

Botanical Name : coparia dulcis
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Malayalam : Kallurukki

An errect annual herb grows up to 30 cm in height
In Kerala it is used for the treatment of Kidney Stone
Whole part of the raw plant grind and use for this purpose. It also used for the treatment of inflammation, fever, wounds, ulcer, skin diseases. It increases the activities of plasma insulin. It also used for here

Centella asiatica / Kudangal / Gotu kola / Penniwort

Botanical Name :Centella asiatica
English :Gotu kola / Pennywort
It grows along ditches and in low wet areas, The stems are slender, creeping stolons, green to reddish green in color, interconnecting one plant to another.

It is a brain tonic, circulatory stimulant and stimulates hair growth. It also used to stimulate appetite, aid digestion, used to treat bowel complaints in children, sores, ulcers and skin problems. It also used for epilepsy, asthma, bronchitis, abdominal disorders, mental retardation etc

It can be used as salad and can be used along with vegetarian dishes. When eaten raw as a salad leaf, it will help maintain youthfulness.
Useful part : The whole plant

Andrographis paniculata / Chiretta plant /Kiriyathu

Botanical name :Andrographis paniculata
Family :Acanthaseae
English :Chiretta plant

An annual herb grows up to 50 cm in height, Bitter in taste. Used to treat dysentery, gastroenteritis. Tonsillitis, cough and bronchitis. infected wounds, pulmonary TB. Pain killer for snake bites , Some people used it for the treatment of Diabetic, and also for fever. Plant stimulates liver

Vasaca small / Malabar nut / Adalodaka

Botanical Name: Adhatoda beddomei
Family : Acanthaceae
English : Vasaca Small / malabar nut

This is an evergreen herb, growing to a height of 80 cms. In Ayurveda the leaves, seeds and the roots are used for treatment of cough, asthma,diseases of eyes, and bleeding diarrhea.The leaves of this plant is bitter.
For coughs, 7 leaves of the plant are boiled in water, strained and mixed with 24 grams of honey. This decoction provides relief. Similarly a confection of Vasaka flowers eaten in doses of 12 grams twice daily relieves cough. About 60 grams of flowers and 180 grams of jaggery should be mixed for preparing this confection.
Intestinal Worms
Its leaves, bark, the root-bark, the fruit and flowers are useful in the removal of intestinal parasites. The decoction of its root and bark in doses of 30 grams twice or thrice a day for 3 days can be given for this purpose. The juice of its fresh leaves can, also be used in doses of a teaspoon thrice a day for 3 days.