Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina Family : Apocynaceae
An erect glaborous ever green shrub 30 - 75 cm hight. alkaloids like serpentine, reserpine, ajmaline, ajmalinine and ajmalicine in root. It is sedative and hypnotic. It is an antipsychotic herb for controls hypertension. It is used for the treatment of high blood pressure. After a U.S. physician named Wilkins demonstrated the positive effects of reserpine (1952), the plant became popular. This drug rapidly replaced electric shock and lobotomy as treatments for certain types of mental illness.